21 – TO KNOW DHARMA IS TO KNOW ALL
Lack of Dharma can be compared to lack of everything. Training people to have Dharma can be compared to helping people to have everything. Everybody can experience this meaning themselves and in all circumstances. Despite gaining no property, the important thing is they do not want it. All possessions are pointless. The disappearance of desire overcomes all suffering.
This whole body, if not a place where goodness is enshrined, is deemed extremely impure, designed for great suffering, for endless burden, and evil. Although it feels certain external happiness and pleasure, that happiness and pleasure is deceiving. The Buddha said: "The five aggregates are truly heavy burdens." (BHARA HAVE PANCAKKHANDHA) "The five aggregates are the most painful." (NATTHI KHANDHA SAMA DHUKKHA)
The five aggregates are: 1) matter/form, 2) feelings/sensations, 3) perception, 4) mental formation, and 5) consciousness.
We should put our focus on the inner part of life. By doing so, we have a chance to find real peace. No matter how much happiness the outer part of life is experiencing, if the inner part is irritated, it cannot be called a happy life. The outer life relies on the four requisites, while the inner life depends on the food of Dharma (dharmahara), namely having Dharma as spiritual sustenance. It is impossible for a man with an ailment to enjoy complete happiness even though has good food, nice dress and comfortable lodging. Mental ailment is of course more tremendously irritating to life than physical illness. Therefore, we should focus on the inner part of life.
The four requisites of the outer life are: 1) food, 2) clothing, 3) medicine, and 4)shelter.
If the inner part of a person's mind is not at peace, that person cannot say he/she has real peace. For everyone in society, a stable peace takes root from the inner part of the mind of each individual. It can be compared to a personal fireplace: if a person does not start a fire in his/her own fireplace, the fireplace remains unlit and cool. Social unrest or chaos will be calmed down, leaving only peace and tranquility. Stable peace can happen through mutual help. When we have peace ourselves, we should help others to have it as well.
The body and speech of a well-trained person serve as tools to promote and upgrade his personality, making him worthy of respect and honor. Human beings do not become good spontaneously. We need training and education. When we have good attitude, it will produce good results in this life and produce good behavior in the next life as well. Remember, other people are only able to help us with the training; the important person in such training is ourselves. If we are careless, our trainer or even the Buddha cannot train us. Once we have trained ourselves, we have an important role to play: train and advise other people.